How long should mare and foal be separated for weaning?

Weaning is usually done somewhere between 4 and 7 months of age, although some ranches leave their foals on the mares a bit longer. After 4 months of age, the foal’s nutritional requirements exceed that provided by the mare’s milk, and most foals are eating grain and forage on their own.

How long does it take for mares milk to dry up?

Mares will store body fat until about 270 days of pregnancy. After which, their BCS will decline slightly as the stored fat is used for fetal growth. This decline continues into lactation, especially if the mare is a good milker. Lactating mares tend to lose body condition during the first 120 days of milk production.

What is the best way to wean a foal?

There are two types of weaning: gradual and abrupt. With a gradual method, you begin separating mare and foal at feeding time with a safe fence between them for short periods of time each day. You gradually increase the length of time over the course of several days, until you no longer put them back together.

Will foals wean themselves?

“Spontaneous” weaning

“We found that most foals were weaned spontaneously between 9 and 10 months of age, and overall, that natural weaning induced no stress response in either partner and no sign of rejection from the dam.”

How can I help my mare dry up?

Many horsemen recommend taking the mare off grain completely, or significantly cutting back on the grain ration, for at least several days after weaning to help her “dry up.” Allow her to have free-choice grass hay or pasture during this time, along with salt, a vitamin/mineral supplement and unlimited clean, fresh …

How long do horses remember you?

Horses also understand words better than expected, according to the research, and possess “excellent memories,” allowing horses to not only recall their human friends after periods of separation, but also to remember complex, problem-solving strategies for ten years or more.

What to feed a foal after weaning?


  1. Provide high-quality roughage (hay and pasture) free choice.
  2. Supplement with a high-quality, properly-balanced grain concentrate at weaning, or earlier if more rapid rates of gain are desired.

How long should a foal nurse?

Table 2.

ParameterAverage Time Post Foaling
Time to standAverage Time Post Foaling 60 minutes; if foal takes over 2 hours to stand then problems might be present that need immediate attention.
Time to nurseAverage Time Post Foaling 2 hours; abnormal if foal takes over 3 to 4 hours.

What is the best feed for broodmares?

Good-quality alfalfa or alfalfa-grass hays are suitable for lactating mares. Good-quality pasture is also an excellent forage source, and hay may not be necessary when pasture is abundant. Broodmares should be fed a concentrate that is formulated for the needs of mares and foals.

What age do foals wean in the wild?

When the horse lives in natural living conditions, the weaning happens when the foal is 9 to 11-months-old. It often corresponds to the moment in which the mare is going to have her next foal. By the way, in natural living conditions, the weaning isn’t a clear “break up” between the mother and the foal.

How do wild horses wean their foals?

In the wild, horses are usually weaned for about a year, typically until their mothers are next about to give birth. Weaning takes place gradually — the mothers discourage their young from suckling and do not produce as much milk — and so the foals gradually come to rely on other sources of food.

How long does it take a horse to dry?

At a minimum it will take 20 to 30 minutes to thoroughly wash and rise the horse, plus another 30 to 45 minutes to thoroughly dry it.

Do you have to wean a foal?

Dr. Skelly generally recommends weaning between 4 and 6 months of age. “Before four months, foals are not as adept at eating forage and grain,” she explains. It’s fine to wait longer than 6 months, she says, “but keep in mind that the bigger they get, the harder they’re going to be to handle.”

Can a mare produce milk if not pregnant?

Inappropriate lactation is a subset of galactorrhea, specifically occurring in the absence of gestation (1). This happens in neonatal foals (termed “Witches Milk”) or in older, non-pregnant mares (1,2).

Do horses know their names?

Most horses do hear and understand your voice; however, they don’t pick up on the actual word like a person would. In reality, they hear your tone and various sounds. Some can be trained to identify their name, but that isn’t the majority.

Do horses get attached to their owners?

Horses DON’T form attachment bonds with their owners despite what equine enthusiasts might think – but they do regard humans as ‘safe havens’ Horses think of humans as ‘safe havens’ but don’t form attachment bonds with their owners – despite what equine enthusiasts might think, a new study reveals.

Do horses have a favorite person?

In 2012, animal behaviorists published a study that found horses are capable of recognizing and distinguishing humans through auditory and visual cues. Lead researcher Dr. Leanne Proops explained it’s similar to how humans have the ability to match a person’s face with their voice.

How much do you feed a weaning foal?

When to Wean a Foal

To support smooth, steady growth, suckling foals should be offered one pound of a properly-formulated foal feed per month of age per day. For example, a 3-month-old would ideally be eating about three pounds of feed per day, in addition to milk and free choice hay or pasture.

How do I train my 5 month old colt?

Foal training 101 – what your foal should know at 6 months old

How much grain do you feed a weaning foal?

A general rule of thumb for feeding weanlings is one pound of fortified grain per 100 pounds of body weight, up to a maximum of six pounds per weanling per day. It is important to remember that foals from various light horse breeds will not weigh the same at a given age.

How long can a newborn foal go without nursing?

It’s an emergency if: the foal has not stood within two hours and nursed within three to five hours. Failure to do these things may indicate a problem that requires urgent medical care. And time is critical because he needs to ingest colostrum within the first six to eight hours of birth.

What shots do Newborn foals need?

It is generally advised that foals be vaccinated beginning at an appropriate age with a series of immunizations against tetanus, sleeping sickness, influenza, rhinopneumonitis and West Nile virus.

What happens to a foals umbilical cord?

After the Birth

The umbilical cord should break as the mare or foal begin to rise. The foal’s umbilical stump should be treated after this occurs. 2. The foal should rise and nurse within 2 to 4 hours, most stand and nurse within one hour.

How much do broodmares sell for?

Overall, the North American broodmare market was down slightly, with the average broodmare price dipping 0.8% to $83,161 compared with a 2017 average of $83,799. The North American median, however, decreased nearly 12% to $15,000.

Are oats good for pregnant mares?


Oats contain around 13% protein, but the protein in oats is low in the essential amino acid lysine which is an essential nutrient for all horses, especially pregnant and lactating mares and growing youngsters, and horses in work.

What is the best mare and foal feed?

Purina® Omolene® #200, Strategy® GX or Ultium® Growth horse feed would be good choices, or Purina® Enrich Plus® Ration Balancing horse feed may be an option for mares that are easy keepers. During the tenth month of gestation the greatest amount of mineral retention occurs in the unborn foal.