What are ledger boards used for?

A ledger board is a horizontal lumber beam attached to an existing wall and used to tie in construction elements such as porch roofs and decks. A deck ledger is installed as part of the deck frame construction. The frame is then attached at either end, with the deck joists butting up to it.

What is another name for ledger board?

Definition of ledger board in the English dictionary

Other definition of ledger board is Also called: ribbon strip. a timber board fixed horizontally to studding to support floor joists.

What do you attach a ledger board to?

How to Install a Ledger Board for a Deck – DIY Network

Does the ledger board on a deck need to be one piece?

The ledger board doesn’t have to be one continuous board. It can be a series of broken sections if it is solidly attached. This will require extra bolts and installing a 2x nailer across the top of the vent to secure the decking along the house wall.

Does a ledger board need to be pressure treated?

Installing the Ledger Board

The lumber for the ledger and all framing members must be pressure-treated for exterior use. The ledger will establish the height of your deck. This is an absolutely critical connection and must be installed properly to ensure the strength and safety of the deck.

How much weight can a ledger board hold?

The ledger is 10′ long so every foot of ledger must be designed to carry at least 200 lbs of load.

Can you put a ledger board over siding?

Never install a ledger board over the top of siding no matter what you hear, this can weaken the connection. Aluminum and vinyl siding can easily be removed with tin snips from an area one foot surrounding the ledger board location.

Can I attach a ledger board to wall studs?

MiTek’s WSWH Washer Head Structural Wood Screw can be used to attach a ledger to studs directly, through 1/2″ APA rated sheathing or through one or two layers of 5/8″ gypsum wallboard (drywall).

Can I use 2×6 for ledger board?

2×6 P. Treated bolted as / the size of your deck. It should be 6-8 inches above grade ideally, but you can get ground contact PT that can be placed closer. You want a flashing that won’t react with the larger copper content of the treatment.

Can ledger be same size as joists?

How to choose the size of the deck ledger board. As a general rule, you should use the same size of board for the ledger as you plan to use for the joists. You can use a larger board, however, if it allows for a better connection to the house framing.

How do you waterproof a ledger board?

Deck Ledger Board Flashing Inspection Tips

How thick should a ledger board be?

The decking is 1-inch thick, so the top of the ledger is 1 1/8 inch below the bottom of the sill.

How do I attach joists to ledger board?

Installing Deck Joists

How many lag bolts for a ledger board?

The International Residential Code lists two fasteners for directly attaching ledgers to a house: 1/2-inch-diameter hot-dip-galvanized hex-head machine bolts and 1/2-inch-diameter hot-dip-galvanized lag screws.

How do you attach a ledger board to a house for a patio cover?

Lag Screws and Ledger Boards: King of the House Home Inspection

Can I attach a ledger board to a fascia?

If you own a two-story home, you can tie the ledger into a band joist. Find the band joist by measuring down from the 2nd story window. When you attach the ledger boards to the fascia, they should be held securely with bolts through the wall, or you can use lag screws.

Can a deck hold 2000 pounds?

In short there’s no one right answer to “how much can my deck hold?” However, one rule of thumb to keep in mind while answering the question is that the answer commonly is that if a deck is properly designed, it’s built to hold 50 lbs. per square foot.

How many joists do I need for a 20 foot deck?

A 20-foot wide deck, for example, would require two beams: one at 10 feet and one and 20 feet in order to support a deck with 2×8 joists spaced 16 inches apart.

Does a ledger board need flashing?

You should flash your ledger before you install your decking. Over time, the house frame behind the deck will rot if it gets wet.

How do you attach a ledger board to a house with wood siding?

Attach-A-Deck works great for mounting a ledger over existing siding. You just drill 2 1/2 in. holes through the siding to the face of the sheathing, apply the Attach-A-Deck fasteners and mount the ledger to the house.

How do you attach a ledger board to wood siding?

Cut Siding and Flash: First, ensure your circular saw is equal to the thickness of the deck, then cut the ledger outline. Slide the flashing underneath the siding 1 inch. Overlap flashing by 3 inches and cut it for the doorway. Use a nail as a temporary place holder to check the ledger to see if it’s leveled.

How do you attach a ledger board to a house roof?

Attach the ledger with 1/2-inch-diameter lag screws or bolts every 16 inches (or as specified by local building codes). Slip stainless-steel washers between the ledger and the siding to allow water to flow behind the ledger. If you can’t get behind the joist to cinch down nuts, use lag screws.

Can I use a 2×4 ledger?

The 2×4 ledger is sufficient to support your 2×8 joists, but it needs 4 or 5 16d common nails per stud at 16″ on center to be able to carry the load if it is only carrying the floor load and no roof load.

How do you attach a ledger board to the wall?

Use a wood bit to drill ½” pilot holes through the ledger board. Next, use a concrete bit to drill into the concrete wall. Install two bolts at the end of each ledger board. Hammer the sleeve anchor through the ledger board into the concrete wall.

Can I use a 2×8 for a ledger board?

placing a 2×10 ledger board against a 2×8 rim joist is irrelevant and should not compromise the safety of the structure at all under most conditions. Check with your local code enforcement agency and local structural engineers to be sure.

How far should posts be on a deck?

Ideal deck post spacing is 8 feet or less. The distance between deck support posts depends on the type of wood species used and the size of the joist and beam. There is no minimum span, and maximum spans can reach up to 15′.

How much clearance is needed if a deck is supported by a ledger?

The maximum gap between the face of the ledger board and face of the wall sheathing shall be ½”. Ledgers shall be flashed or caulked to prevent water from contacting the house band joist (see DCA 6, Figures 14 and 15). Lag screws and bolts shall be staggered per DCA 6, Figure 19.