What size nails should I use for framing?

Most contractors agree that you want to use 16d nails, also referred to as 16-penny nails. These are the perfect length at 3 ½ inches. There are two distinct varieties of these 16-penny nails: common nails and sinker nails.

Can you use 3 inch nails for framing?

Either choice you make, using 16d framing nails ensures a solid structure that meets local building codes. A 4-inch, 20d nail is better for 2×6 lumber but could cause smaller 2×4 lumber to split. Use a 3-inch, 10d nail in 2×4 framing, and you won’t get less strength and be structurally inadequate.

What is better 21 or 30 degree framing nailer?

So, what’s better, 21- or 30-degree framing nailer? The 30° to 34° angle will definitely allow you to use the nailer at very tight spots.Framing Nailer 21 vs 30 Degree.

  21° Nail Gun 30° Nail Gun
Nail Collation 20° to 22° 30° to 34°
Nail Head Full Round Head Clipped Head or Offset Head

Can you use 16 gauge nails for framing?

Now, for the most part, 16d nails, typically 3 1/2 inches long are the best to use when it comes to framing projects. These are technically called 16-d (or “16-penny”) nails and you often have two choices when framing: common nails and sinkers (forget the rest!).

Can you use 3.25 nails for framing?

For over 20 years I’ve been using a collated 16d (3.5″) nail in my nailgun for framing walls. I’m in the market for a nail gun upgrade (changing brands) and found that many best nail guns only go to 3.25″.

When nailing 2×6 inch joists What nail should be used?

In a 2×6 joist I’d use a total of 8 8d or 10d nails, 4 per side, typically 8d in size or in some cases 10d – these are the most-commonly-used nail sizes when toe-nailing 2x framing lumber as unless you’re using box nails, larger nails tend to split the lumber, especially when, as in your photo, they’re nailed too close …

How long are 16d nails?

What is a 16d Nail? A 16d nail is one that’s 3-1/2-inches long.

What is a 21 degree framing nailer used for?

21-Degree Framing Nailers: These nailers are capable of driving a full round head nail and the low angle is great for working in tight spaces. 21-degree nails are held together in plastic clips that shatter as the nails are being driven.

What degree framing nailer should I use?

The best angle comes down to personal preference and the type of project. For framing projects that require the nailer to fit into tight spaces, such as between studs or in corners, it makes sense to have a 30- or 34-degree nailer, which provides the maximum amount of maneuverability.

What is the difference between a 21 degree and 28 degree framing nailer?

Enter the 21-degree magazine angle, which reduces the horizontal extension of the magazine by about 15 percent. Increasing the magazine angle to 28 degrees saves even more space, but it’s challenging to design a drive mechanism that has enough power to drive full-size nails at such a steep angle.

Are 15 gauge nails good for framing?

15-degree nail guns can hold a large number of full-round-head nails, which are ideal for floor joists, wall studs and other framing jobs. Full-round-head nails are often required for framing by building codes. 15-degree nail guns can be heavy, making overhead work difficult.

Can you use 18-gauge nails for framing?

They’re generally used in house framing, where strength is important. Box nails have thinner-gauge shanks—about 1/16” which are best for fastening nonstructural things like trim, shingles, and siding. These thinner gauges are also less likely to split the wood.Choosing the Right Nail for the Job.

Gauge Common
16 0.06
18 0.05
23 0.03

What is the difference between 15 and 16 gauge nails?

16-gauge nailers shoot nails that are a little thinner than the 15 gauge and have a smaller head. Depending on the brand, these shoot nails from 3/4” to 2-1/2” inches long. They have good holding power and are a good general use gun.

What does the D mean in nails?

Nails. For historical reasons, nails are sold both by a number followed by d and (less confusingly) by length. The “d” stands for penny, so 8d refers to an 8-penny nail, 16d to a 16-penny nail and so on. It’s a way to indicate nail length, as you can see in the table below.

What are 10d nails used for?

Dear Sam: Nails are sized by engineers in order to get the most strength value out of a connection, without resulting in failures usually due to (in the case of nailed connections) wood splitting. Most building plans and prefabricated truss drawings will specify 10d galvanized commons for framing installation.

What gauge are 16d nails?

Table 1 – Nail Sizes (Common Nails)

Nail Size   Shank Diameter
8d nails 10 0.134
10d nails 9 0.148
12d nails 9 0.148
16d nails 8 0.165

Is toe nailing stronger?


In contrast, toe-nailing produces a strong joint. The technique requires a pair of nails, driven at opposing 45-degree angles. It isn’t suitable for all joints, as the grain of one workpiece needs to be at an angle to the other.

How long should Finishing nails be?

Finishing nails vary in length from 1 inch to 4 inches (2.5 centimeter to 10 centimeters). The size of finish nails is also measured by “penny” units. The letter “d” is used to determine length. In this method, a 2d finishing nail is 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) long, and a 6d nail is 2 inches (5 centimeters) long.

How do you nail a 2×4 framing?

Carpentry Trick: How To Easily & Accurately Toenail Studs

What nails to use for framing walls?

The best nails for framing are 3 1/2 inches long. These are called 16-d, or “16-penny,” nails.

What size nails should I use for joist hangers?

Indoors or out, for standard-type single joist hangers, use only 1-1/2 in. joist hanger nails for nailing into the side of the joist (Photo 5); for double hangers, use 8d or 10d nails. For double shear single hangers (Photo 4), fasten the hanger to the joist(s) with longer 8d or 10d nails.

How do I know my nail size?

How to measure your nails to size them for press on nails