White line disease always occurs after hoof wall separation which can begin at the toe, quarter and/or heel of the hoof. This area may become infected with bacteria or fungi which break down hoof wall tissue. Hoof wall separation is quite common in horses but does not always lead to white line disease.
Can white line disease be cured?
“If you just remove the affected hoof wall and expose the area to air, it can get better without topicals,” said Fraley. Photo courtesy of Dr. Bryan Fraley. Luckily, when it’s caught in a timely manner, white line disease is easy to treat.
What are the symptoms of white line disease in horses?
Symptoms of White Line Disease in Horses
A small area may be seen along the hoof wall that appears to be powdery and the soles may be tender. Other possible signs include warmth in your horse’s foot, a slowing down of the growth of the hoof wall, and your horse showing discomfort when putting weight on his hoof.
What is white line disease caused by?
The exact organism that causes white line disease is not known, but it is known to be caused by bacteria in the soil getting into a weakened spot in the hoof wall, such as a quarter crack, which then sets up a fungal infection that leads to the disease.
What is white line hoof disease?
White line disease (WLD) is a poorly understood yet widespread problem that affects the equine foot. WLD can be described as a keratolytic process on the solar surface of the hoof, which is characterized by a progressive separation of the inner zone of the hoof wall.
How serious is white line disease in horses?
In severe cases, lameness may develop. Left untreated, white line disease can result in rotation of the coffin bone due to widespread damage in the supportive structures of the hoof. White line disease has been recognized for years and has accumulated names such as seedy toe, hollow foot, wall thrush, and stall rot.
What do you feed a horse with white line disease?
Kempson’s gave this overall advice on nutrition and white line disease. A diet should be well balanced with calcium and phosphorus. You need a ration of 1.6-part calcium to 1-part phosphorus. Alfalfa is a good source of calcium for poor absorbers.
Is white line disease painful?
Symptoms of White Line Disease
The initial stages are non-painful. Often the farrier is the first to detect white line disease during a routine trimming or shoeing procedure.
What does thrush look like on horses hooves?
Identifying and Treating Thrush in Horses
How do you treat white line disease in horses hooves?
The mainstay of white line disease treatment is hoof-wall resection, where a skilled farrier cuts away all three layers of the hoof wall to remove the infected material. A hoof knife or Dremel tool can clear out the powdery hoof wall.
Is white line disease fatal?
The reality is that deeply rooted infections like white line disease and chronic thrush are nearly impossible to kill with one application of a strong topical agent. Bacteria and fungi are very adept at hiding among healthy hoof tissue due to millions of years of evolution.
What does white line disease look like?
White line disease can initially appear as a small spot where the sole of the foot meets the white line. For more developed cases, it can be several inches long going from one side of the hoof to the other. It has a white, powdery look to it. Scraping it with a nail produces a chalky residue.
Does thrush Buster treat white line disease?
The Thrush Buster killed White Line disease where it was applied and continued to spread and kill more fungus over time. The Formaldehyde/Iodine killed White Line Disease only where it was applied directly. Thrush Remedy did not seem to affect the Fungus.
Is thrush painful for horses?
Thrush can be very painful for horses as the frog’s tissue becomes inflamed and overrun with bacteria. Typically Thrush is characterized by a thick black discharge that smells like rotten dairy. This foul odor and thick discharge occur because the bacteria are actually fermenting within the frog’s tissue.
Is white line disease contagious?
The most common signs of white line disease are hoof wall separation noticed by a farrier during routine trimming/shoeing and slow, poor hoof wall growth. Is it contagious?: White line disease is not contagious.
How is white line disease prevented?
Clean the hooves daily, monitoring the integrity of the white line and the rest of hoof structures. Change bedding frequently, avoiding humidity and accumulation of faeces and urine, especially in wet seasons.
How do you know if horse has thrush?
How is thrush diagnosed? Thrush produces a foul smelling black discharge in the affected sulcus of the frog. There is pain on applying pressure to the area. The hind feet are more often affected than the front feet and, occasionally, infection may result in a general swelling of the distal (lower) limb.
What kills thrush in horse hooves?
Using a commercial thrush product every day can dry out the frog, however. Instead, you can make a gentler preparation of half bleach and half glycerin or glycerin-based hand lotion. Apply this solution to the hoof a few times a week using the hoof-pick swab technique.
Does apple cider vinegar cure thrush in horses?
Apple cider vinegar (ACV) has many uses and benefits including as a great homemade solution for treating and preventing thrush. Because it is acidic, ACV kills fungus when used as a soak or applied directly on the hoof. ACV will also aid in the healing process.